This case study focuses on drip irrigation management in maize and tomato crop production in northern Italy.
In the province of Alessandria, water management for agricultural use is a key issue. Highly productive crops, such as maize and tomato, have a high nitrogen fertiliser requirement and a large water demand. Farmers are, therefore, adopting drip irrigation to improve water efficiency, without reducing yield and quality, even though the system is capital and time intensive. Specialised equipment is commercially available, but new innovations and solutions are still required.
'Read more' for further details on the case study, updates from the field demonstrations/trials, and the summary field demonstration leaflet on drip irrigation in maize and tomato crops:
Location: Alessandria, northern Italy
Main land use: arable production and viticulture
Stakeholders: farmers, suppliers of fertilisers and drip irrigation equipment, processing industries, seed and pesticides companies (retailers and producers)
o Lack of knowledge about drip-system management: particularly interactions between irrigation timing, water volume and plant density
Methods to protect the drip-tape from birds, rodents and click beetles
Use of pesticides in the drip-system
Multi-year drip irrigation system
o Use of varieties/hybrids more resistant to hydric stress and pathogens
o More knowledge required about the effect of nutrients on crop quality
o Economic evaluation of the different irrigation systems (e.g. comparing drip irrigation and sprinkler systems), in terms of water volume and yield
o Tools to evaluate an “effective” drip irrigation system
Case study updates:
• A kick off meeting was held in summer 2014 where problems and innovation needs were identified.
• A second meeting was held in late January 2015 with stakeholder members from the whole supply chain present; seed & pesticide companies, irrigation system suppliers, processors, co-operatives, farmers & advisors. The three most relevant VALERIE innovation factsheets to the case study were reviewed via a questionnaire and working groups. A field demonstration/trial topic was chosen by the stakeholders from a pre-identified list. The trial will focus on the use of probes and in-situ weather data to monitor the drip-irrigation system. The first year will comprise a monitoring activity and data collection.
• Issue to be addressed in the field trials:
o Usability & economic evaluation of drip-system irrigation
• The field trials will be carried out directly in the fields of the stakeholders. The trial aims are:
o To give farmers or co-operatives new tools and systems to manage the irrigation of maize and tomato crops e.g. using drip tapes and sprinklers. The focus is primarily on the usability of the innovation and on the economic evaluation at the farm scale.
• The trial started in May 2015.
• The summary (including results) field demonstration leaflet, 'Maize and Tomato drip irrigation in Alessandria, Italy' (English version) can be downloaded here